Social development in deaf children: using Theory-of-mind task

[Speaker] Masuda, Sayako Y:1
1:Keio University (Japan)

We studied the relationship between language and social cognitive development. Theory of mind (ToM) abilities were examined in hearing children and deaf children, aged 4 to 11 years. All of the deaf children who participated in this study were trained orally by speech therapists and their hearing parents. They typically demonstrated language delay. In this experiment, we used oral Japanese language for both groups, also sign language for deaf children if necessary. Each child was given a battery of tasks for understanding of "false belief", knowledge state for task, and language skills. There was significant delay on ToM tasks in deaf children comparing with hearing children.
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