Syndromic analysis of the psychological rehabilitation of higher mental functions (HMF) in L.S. Vygotsky- A.R. Luria approach

[Speaker] Kovyazina, Maria S:1
[Co-author] Varako, Nataliya A:1, Zinchenko, Yuri P:1, Ivanova, Galina E:2
1:Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russia), 2:Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (Russia)

The binary neuropsychological syndrome structure (symptoms, abnormal factor) allows to define two strategies of rehabilitation programs. The first strategy involves choice as a "target" of the most destroyed mental function. We use the safe components of HMF or replaces them by another, not previously included in this HMF. The second strategy could be directed to the rehabilitation of abnormal neuropsychological factor that should be accompanied by the rehabilitation of several systemic interrelated mental functions. In this case it is necessary to resort to the ontogenetic stages factor development, to define its safe level and recognize the pathological process localization.
The possibility of mental functions restructuring and self-development syndrome of HMF disorders in the positive logic of the rehabilitation process is based on the principles of plasticity, complementarity of brain structures, cerebral functional gradient transitions. This suggests that HMF during the rehabilitation using both strategies.
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