Personality states and emotion changes before, during and after Ramadan fasting

[Speaker] Mastor, Khairul A:1
[Co-author] Kasan, Hasnan:1, Locke, Kenneth:3, Idris, Fazilah:1, Abu Zahrin, Syaidatun Nadzirah:1, Wan Hassan, Wan Zulkifli:1, Mahmood, Abdull Rahman:1, Musa, Nik Yusri:2, Che Haron, Che Sulaila:1
1:Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (Malaysia), 2:Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (Malaysia), 3:University of Idaho (United States of America)

The study examined the effect of long term fasting in Ramadan on the pattern of changes of personality states and emotion among muslims. It was hypothesized that a long term fasting for religious purposes causes increase of positive and decrease of negative of both personality states and emotion throughout fasting month. A total of 215 respondents participated in the study. A daily self-report on personality states based on Big Five factors and emotion were taken in separate three time periods - before, during and after Ramadan. Data were analyzed using a Mixed Model Analyses. Emotion of jealousy and state of anxiety were found to increase before Ramadan begins. During Ramadan, happy, joy, tendermindedness state increased while impatience, moody, sadness and impulsivity state decreased. A week after Ramadan ends, levels of happy and joy decreased while levels of fear, impatience and moody increased during the first week after Ramadan ends, respectively.
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