Effect of grandparents' co-parenting on young children's personality and adaptation: in Chinese three-generation-families

[Speaker] Sun, Yi:1
[Co-author] Jiang, Na:1, Sun, Xuji:2
1:Ochanomizu University (Japan), 2:Shanghai Songjiang Baiyun Kindergarten (China (People's Republic of China))

The study aimed to examine the influence of grandparents' co-parenting on young children's personality and adaptation, for the prevalence of grandparenting in China. With the cooperation of a kindergarten in Shanghai, 530 parents of 3-6yrs children were invited to answer the questionnaire with their consent, and 422 of them were effective. Three factors were extracted by exploratory factor analysis for children's temperament--Fearfulness in Strange situation (FS), Intensity of Reaction (IR) and Pro-social Activity (PA), and two factors for adaptation--Separation Anxiety in attending kindergarten (SA) and Anxious Preoccupied Attachment (APA). The results show that the children raised by only parents had higher PA than those (co)-raised by grandparents, and lower APA than those raised by only-grandparents. Even after controlling the influence from temperament and grades, the effect of parenting style on APA was still significant. For Grade 1 children, the parenting style was also significantly related to children's temperament (IR).
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