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Effects of psychoeducation and practicing self-compassion exercises on sensitivity to criticism and depression

[Speaker] Yajima, Arata:1
[Co-author] Tomishima, Hiroki:1, Suganuma, Kenji:2
1:Research and training institute of clinical psychology, Seitoku University (Japan), 2:Seitoku University (Japan)

Effects of psychoeducation and practicing self-compassion exercises on self-compassion, sensitivity to criticism, and depression were examined. Educational programs and the self-statement exercises for generating self-compassion were demonstrated to female undergraduate and graduate students (N=28). Participants freely practiced the exercises as homework during one week. Then, they were divided into two groups depending on their frequency of practice. Participants also responded to self-administered scales assessing self-compassion, sensitivity to criticism, and depression, on four occasions. Repeated-measure analysis of variance and multiple comparison tests indicated that self-compassion of the high exercises frequency group (N=16) significantly increased, compared to the low exercises frequency group. These effects were maintained after finishing exercises. Moreover, sensitivity to criticism significantly decreased in the high exercises frequency group, whereas depression significantly decreased regardless of the frequency of exercises. It is suggested that continuous exercises increase self-compassion and decrease sensitivity to criticism, whereas only providing psychoeducation might decrease depression.
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