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Poster

The nature of subjective forgiveness and unforgiveness

[Speaker] Ishikawa, Masayasu:1
1:Seitoku University (Japan)

The purpose of this study were to development the Emotional State Forgiveness Scale for Japanese (ESFS-J), and to clarify the nature of subjective forgiveness and unforgiveness. A questionnaire survey was administered to 419 undergraduate students. A factor analysis revealed that the ESFS-J consisting of 29 items had five factors : positive feelings, antagonistic feelings, sad feelings, self-blame feelings, and feelings of release. Cluster analysis revealed 4 subtypes of ESFS-J : positive feelings predominant group (Cluster 1), antagonistic feelings predominant group (Cluster 2), all lower group (Cluster 3), and sad feelings predominant group (Cluster 4). These results suggest that understanding the nature as well as the extent of negative and positive state was important to clarify the nature of subjective forgiveness and unforgiveness.
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