July 27, 2016 16:30 - 18:00

Does the perception of one's own driving ability relate to self-regulatory driving among older drivers?

[Speaker] Matsuura, Tsuneo:1
[Co-author] Ishida, Toshiro:2, Ishikawa, Hirotoshi:3
1:Jissen Women's University (Japan), 2:Waseda University (Japan), 3:Japan Safe Driving Center (Japan)

Older drivers who recognize their declining driving abilities due to aging tend to self-regulate their driving by avoiding complex driving situations and by modifying their driving styles for safety. The purpose of this study is to clarify which types of perceived driving ability are more related to self-regulatory driving among older drivers.Participants were 43 older drivers (M = 74.2, SD = 5.1). Self-regulatory driving was assessed by a compensatory driving scale. Driving abilities were self-evaluated on the five types of driving-ability scales before and after their 15 minutes driving in a driving school course.A step-wise regression analysis with the five perceived driving ability scales as explanatory variables revealed that both the safe-driving ability and the task difficulty scales were significantly related to the compensatory driving scale (R = 0.53, p<0.01). The reasons why only the safe-driving ability and the task-difficulty scales were related to self-regulatory driving were discussed.
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