Correlates of Adult Attachment and Cross National Patterns

[Speaker] Searight, Russell:1,2
[Co-author] Sumer, Nebi:3, Güzey, Ayça:3, Tüzel, Mahir:3, Johnson, Lacey N:1
1:Lake Superior State Univerrsity (United States of America), 2:Algoma University (Canada), 3:Middle East Technical University (Turkey)

Attachment, the social emotional bond that was originally described for parrent- child dyads has, in the past 20 years, been recognized in intimate adult relationships. Rather than classifying adults into attachment categories (Secure, Anxious/Ambivalent, Avoidant) as was the case with children, a continuous approach, with the orthogonal dimensions of anxious and avoidant, was developed with an accompanying assessment measure, the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R). In our research, ECR-R avoidance and anxiety were associated with histories of parental loss and alcohol use patterns among young adults A recent study comparing young adults in Turkey and the U.S., found attachment related anxiety to be significantly higher among Turkish adults. While both anxious and avoidant dimensions were associated with rumination in the U.S. group, only anxious attachment demonstrated a relationship with rumination in the Turkish adults. The findings suggest that the anxious attachment-rumination association holds across cultures.
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