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Effects of Peer Rejection on School Children' Prosocial Behavior: the Moderating and Mediating Role of Self-esteem

[Speaker] Zhang, Ye:1
[Co-author] Zhang, Yu:1, Zhang, Shanshan:1, Wang, Leqiong:1, Tian, Siyu:1, Xu, Guohua:1
1:Shenyang Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

The study examined how self-esteem affects the relationship between peer rejection and prosocial behavior. The sample included 137 Chinese school children (71 male vs. 66 female) aged from 11 to 13 years. All of the participants completed the task by which subjects were divided into three rejection groups (clear vs. no clear vs. acceptance).Then they also completed two questionnaires simultaneously, including both SES and PTM. Results showed that the school children's prosocial behavior in clear rejection group was more than the no clear group and acceptance. Specifically, the impact of social exclusion on school children's prosocial behavior was moderated by trait self-esteem. In addition, state self-esteem mediated the relationship between social exclusion and prosocial behavior significantly, only in the low trait self-esteem group. Implications for research and practice are discussed, including teaching coping strategies for peer rejection and social behavior development.
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