The Use of Music Therapy in managing Depression among women in Nigeria: Implications for Counselling

[Speaker] Kinanee, Joseph B:1
[Co-author] Kpai, Tonubari:1, George, Ivy R:2
1:University of Education Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt (Nigeria), 2:Rivers State Post Primary Schools Board Port Harcourt (Nigeria)

Depression is one psychological problem commonly reported among Nigerian women, especially in the Niger Delta region of the country. This study investigated the efficacy of music therapy in managing depression among women in Port Harcourt municipality, in the southern part of Nigeria. Study population consisted of 40 women diagnosed with depression at a Neuro-psychiatric hospital. The study adopted the experimental design, and was guided by one research question and five null hypotheses. The Becks Depression Scale and a self-developed Socio-demographic and Music Preference Questionnaire were used for data collection. The analysis was done using mean scores, independent t-test and One-way analysis of variance. There was a significant difference in the clinical status of depressed women who used music and those who did not. Based on the results, it was concluded that music therapy should be recommended in counselling sessions as a complementary or alternative treatment for depression.
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