Dialogical Approach to Interpreting the Meaning of Daily Experiences of "Subjective Well-Being"

[Speaker] Qi, Qiumeng:1
[Co-author] Minami, Hirofumi:1
1:Kyushu University (Japan)

We explored how dialogues engender the meaning of subjective well-being (SWB) constituted through daily experiences. A revised, "Day Reconstruction Method" (Kahneman, D.,, 2004) was used to episodically describe the previous day of participants, followed by semi-structured interviews for dialogical explication of those episodes. Qualitative analyses of structure and content of discourses in interview data of six participants indicated the following: (1) participants construe the meaning of daily experiences by organizing them in individualized ways; (2) during the interview the expression of SWB was not explicated as "I'm happy," but expressed implicitly using their own words, which were interpreted through a collaborative dialogue; (3) features of SWB in daily experiences were different among participants and changed during the course of interviews. Previous research of SWB using preexisting elements and frameworks is considered problematic. The emergent quality in the dialogical process is crucial for understanding the nature of "subjectivity" in SWB.
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