Program

Inevitability and Occasionality:The Difference between Scientific Psychology and Humanistic Psychology

[Speaker] Yan, Liangshi:1
[Co-author] Wang, Xiaofeng:1,2, Bian, Junfeng:3, Zhang, Guoguang:1, Wang, Tao:1
1:Hunan Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Central South University of Forestry and Technology (China (People's Republic of China)), 3:Changsha Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

Everything in the world has two existent conditions, one is occurred inevitably, the other happened by accident. Human mind focus on two states correspondingly: inevitability and occasionality. Scientific Psychology only emphasizes inevitability, so it pays great attention to ordering and the law of causation through analysis, reasoning and experiment. But accidents are also objective existences, and they are often disordered, one-off and can't be measured. As Scientific Psychology, it is absolutely right to stress inevitability because it is the natural need for the science. However,occasionality should also be emphasized as the meaning and value of life often up to chance factors. The value of Humanistic Psychology lies in the focus on occasionality. It pursues the law of relation by intuition, introspection and comprehension. Scientific Psychology and Humanistic Psychology are complementary as they have different research objects, space and methods respectively. Only contain the two domains can psychology be complete.
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