Development and validation of an Occupational Mental Health Scale for Chinese teacher

[Speaker] Li, Yuan:1,2
[Co-author] You, Xuqun:1,2, Wang, Zhenhong:1,2, Li, Ying:1,2, Lan, Jijun:1,2, Tu, Jinlu:1,2, Ji, Ming:1,2, Yan, Bihua:1,2, Ju, Chengting:1,2
1:Shaanxi Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience (China (People's Republic of China))

Background:The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an Occupational Mental Health Scale(OMHS) for Chinese teachers.
Methods:The OMHS was developed as the following steps:(1)item generation based on literature and interview(experts/teachers:N=30/N=45); (2)pre-test questionnaire formation with both experts' ratings(N=22) and teacher's feedbacks(N=100); (3)the component structure assessed by principal components analysis with varimax rotation(N=1138); (4)criterion-related validity assessed with Self-rated Health Measurement Scale(N=597), viewing and evaluating lessons(N=131), performance appraisal(N=131), and principals' ratings(N=89); (5)reliability identified by internal consistency Cronbach's α(N=1138).
Results:This study yielded a 139-item Scale with 20 factors(organization, self-efficiency, self-positive, responsibility, learning, interpersonal relationship, patience, altruism, implementation of program, team work, communication skills, sense of justice, spirit of dedication, self-examination, innovation, honesty, achievement), which accounted for 45% of total variances. The Scale showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability and criterion-related validity.
Conclusion:The OMHS can thus be a reliable and valid instrument to measure the level of the occupational mental health of Chinese teacher.
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