A Qualitative Analysis of Personality and Transformational Leadership Traits of Diplomatic and Administrative Officers

[Speaker] Wan Sulaiman, Wan Shahrazad:1
[Co-author] Halim, Fatimah Wati:1, Omar, Fatimah:1, Muhammad Hafidz, Sarah Waheeda:1, Che Kassim, Arena:1
1:National University Malaysia (Malaysia)

One of the factors of a successful organisation is the role of leaders in bringing organisational vision and mission towards excellence. However, the problem that often occurs is that leaders do not exhibit clear personality and transformational characteristics that can be modelled towards followers. Therefore, the objective of this study is to explore personality and transformational leadership traits among diplomatic and administrative officers in Malaysia. This study employs an in-depth interview in collecting data. A total of five respondents from five different ministeries were chosen through purposive sampling. Data were analysed qualitatively using Nvivo. Results showed that the transformational leadership traits that were extracted were individual consideration, idealistic influence, motivational inspiration and intellectual stimulation which are consistent with Transformational Leadership Theory. In addition, results found that effective leaders also have high conscientiousness, openness and agreeableness traits. The findings provide important insights in understanding leadership, leaders and their characteristics at work.
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