Personality Disorders and Interpersonal Functioning in Daily Life

[Speaker] Pincus, Aaron L:1
[Co-author] Dowgwillo, Emily A:1, Levy, Kenneth N:1, Wilson, Stephen J:1, Newman, Michelle G:1
1:Pennsylvania State University (United States of America)

The DSM-5 alternative personality disorder model distinguishes general personality pathology (Criterion A) from expressions of personality disorder characterized by pathological traits (Criterion B). Criterion B has strong empirical ties with the science of personality structure; however, research on Criterion A is relatively nascent, as are frameworks for integrating pathological traits and processes. Such research is critical because it addresses the regulatory and relational dynamics often considered to be of central clinical importance in practice with personality disordered patients. We review one approach to examining the impact of personality disorders on interpersonal processes in daily life. Using smart-phone based event-contingent recordings of social interactions over 1 to 3 weeks, we assessed perceptions of others' agentic and communal behavior, ratings of ones' own agentic and communal behavior, and post-interaction affects, symptoms, and functioning. We examined the impact of personality disorder on temporally dynamic processes associated with social functioning in daily life.
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