A Ground Theroy of Factors Influencing Adolescent's High-risk Drowning Behavior

[Speaker] Zhang, Hui:1
[Co-author] Wang, Bin:2, Luo, Shi:2, Yu, Hongtao:2, Fang, Chaoyang:2, Bu, Shu:2
1:Hubei University For Nationalities (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Central China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

High-risk drowning behavior is a global public health issue, which can increase the risk of drowning or death. The aim of this study is to investigate the factors influencing adolescent's high-risk drowning behavior. The study used grounded theory method. The sample included 21 adolescents and 3 swimming teachers in China. This research discovered that the influencing factors of adolescent's high-risk drowning behavior include personal factors (swimming ability, safety knowledge, risk perception, perception pursuit, gender, self efficacy and self resistance) and environmental factors (family, peer, school, natural settings). The factors can be categorized into to two main dominants and 11 sub-dominants, forming into a complete model of factors influencing adolescent's high-risk behavior. Further research to explore the interaction of the two main dominants, develop intervention tool of Safety Training Standards Concerning Drowning and increase environmental education mode is warranted.
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