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Effects of attachment styles on loneliness and coping behaviors toward loneliness among Japanese university students

[Speaker] Xie, Ying:1
[Co-author] Kawata, Yujiro:1,2, Kamimura, Akari:1, Hirosawa, Masataka:1,2
1:Graduate School of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University (Japan), 2:School of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University (Japan)

This study examined the effects of attachment styles on loneliness and coping behaviors toward loneliness among Japanese university students. In total, 499 Japanese students responded to the following questionnaires: the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Coping Behaviors toward Loneliness (CBL), and Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory-The-Generalized-Other-Version (ECR-GO). Participants were divided into 4 groups based on the ECR-GO (Secure: N=59, Dismissing: N=17, Preoccupied: N=29, Fearful: N=22). Results showed that there was significant difference in Loneliness between the four groups. The Preoccupied Group showed the highest loneliness, while the Secure Group showed the lowest loneliness. There were also significant differences in the CBL. The Secure and Dismissing groups showed lower "patience and endurance" than the other groups. The Dismissing and Preoccupied groups showed lower "personal contact" than the other groups. We concluded that attachment styles affect loneliness and coping behaviors toward loneliness among Japanese university students.
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