Examination of the effects of trait and state anxiety on memory retrieval

[Speaker] Higami, Koyo:1
[Co-author] Kaneko, Yui:1, Haruna, Suyama:1,2, Ito, Risa:1, Sato, Hideki:1, Matsumoto, Satomi:1, Namiki, Nobutaka:1, Yajima, Ryo:1, Suzuki, Shin-ichi:3
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan), 2:Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Japan), 3:Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan)

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether memory bias, which increases the propensity to remember threatening or negative information, is caused by trait or state anxiety. In total, 37 university and graduate students were randomly assigned to either an anxiety awakening (n = 18) or control (n = 19) condition, and they completed Eden et al.'s (2014) memory task. ANOVA results revealed neither the level of trait anxiety nor the anxiety awakening condition affected the occurrence of memory bias. However, persons with high trait anxiety recalled less positive information (F (1, 99) = 3.95, p < .05, d = .067). This suggests that the memory bias may be due to the difficulty of recalling positive information, rather than the likelihood of recalling threatening or negative information.
Advanced Search