Effects of mindfulness training that emphasizes interoceptive awareness of maladaptive eating behaviors

[Speaker] Ishikawa, Miki:1
[Co-author] Tashiro, Kyoko:2, Tanabe, Yasuko:1, Murata, Miki:1, Shimada, Hironori:2
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan), 2:Faculty of Human Sciences, Wasoeda University (Japan)

The study purpose was to examine the effects of mindfulness training to enhance interoceptive awareness, such as body sensation, on maladaptive eating behaviors caused by negative emotion in female students.
A total of 24 female students (mean age = 24.54 years) were divided into two groups: one group received only psychoeducational intervention about mindfulness training and the other group received mindfulness training containing meditation and a raisin exercise as well as psychoeducation. A t-test verified increasing interoceptive awareness before and after mindfulness training to ensure the validity of the manipulation.
Results indicated significant reductions in the number of snacking times and degree of being obsessed with weight and body shape. Therefore, it is possible that mindfulness training that is designed to enhance interoceptive awareness may help control corresponding eating behaviors, increase bodily information, and decrease maladaptive eating behaviors, such as emotional binge eating.
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