The interaction of personality traits and environmental factors in the prediction of depression in Russian young adults

[Speaker] Kuznetsova, Valeriya:1
[Co-author] Knyazev, Gennady:1, Dorosheva, Elena:1, Bocharov, Andrey:1, Savostyanov, Alexander:1
1:Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine (Russia)

Literature suggests that neuroticism is linked to the depression and affect the reactivity to the negative life challenges (Denollet et al., 2006). However, relatively few studies have addressed the interacting effects of personality and environmental factors in the prediction of depression. The sample was consisted of 276 respondents (75% female, mean age=22±5 years). Respondents completed the BDI-II (Beck, 1996) and the IPIP (Goldberg, 1999). Social factors were measured by the ASR/ABCL (Achenbach & Rescorla 2003).The effect of substance use was larger in individuals with higher levels of neuroticism (β=.49, p<.001) and, vice versa, the effect of substance use was more prominent for individuals with lower levels of Extraversion and Openness (β=.36 and β=.44 respectively, both p<.001). The negative impact of divorce was significant for people with higher level of Consciousness only (β=.35, p<.001), whereas financial well-being was a protective factor for individuals with higher level of Extraversion only (β=-.32, p<.001).
Advanced Search