July 26, 2016 14:40 - 16:10

Quasi-development of critical thinking attitude during adulthood, and links to the big five personality traits

[Speaker] Takahashi, Yusuke:1
[Co-author] Kusumi, Takashi:1, Manalo, Emmanuel:1
1:Kyoto University (Japan)

The purpose of this study was to examine the following: (a) whether critical thinking attitude can be changed during adulthood, and (b) who is more likely to be a critical thinker. An online survey was conducted, and participants were 725 female and 723 male members of the Japanese general public. Results showed that critical thinking attitude developed even after adulthood, but not all subscales changed alike, indicating that some attitudes may be acquirable. We next examined the links between critical thinking attitude and the Big Five personality traits using hierarchical regression model to control for the effects of age, gender, and level of education. Results showed that higher extraversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness were significant correlates of critical thinking attitude, suggesting that those who talk and discuss with others, have intellectual curiosity, and behave with diligence tend to think more critically.
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