The Factor Structure of Malaysian Personality Adjectives using Lexical Approach

[Speaker] Mastor, Khairul A:1
[Co-author] Saucier, Gerard:2, Halim, Fatimah Wati:1, Jaafar, Jas Laile Suzana:3
1:Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (Malaysia), 2:University of Oregon (United States of America), 3:University of Malaya (Malaysia)

The paper reports a study on personality-related descriptors among Malaysians using the psycho-lexical approach. In this paper, we report the analyses of 405 words with the highest mean frequency-of-use data. Participants were a diverse set of 707 Malay, Chinese and Indian students. Self-ratings on these trait adjectives (original and ipsatized) were subjected to Principal Component analysis with Varimax rotation. Factor solution of five factor (of ipsatized data) was more interpretable and consistent - namely Morality/Social Propriety, Anxiety-Sadness, Even-Temper vs Anger, Intellect/Efficacy, and Dynamism-Social Potency. Correlations between these emic factors and the Big Five markers were somewhat modest. Further studies incorporating wider ethnic groups of Malaysian people are warranted to capture more comprehensive indigenous personality structure and dimensions. This study contributed toward exploring another personality structure and dimension in a diversified, multi-cultural society of Asian people.
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