A Meta-analysis of Interventions Designed to Reduce Stereotype Threats: Effectiveness and Possible Moderators

[Speaker] Shan, Zhang B:1
[Co-author] Pei, Liu:1
1:Shaanxi Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

This meta-analytic review examined the effectiveness of stereotype threat interventions. Based on the Identity Threat Model, we categorized stereotype threat interventions into three types: interventions based on changing collective representations, changing personal characteristics, or changing situational cues. Integrating the data from 270 previous studies, we found an overall effect size of 0.74, indicating that interventions on stereotype threats were effective. Moreover, interventions for changing personal characteristics were the most effective: Cohen's d = 0.68, followed by interventions for changing collective representations and situational cues: d = 0.63 and 0.47, respectively. In addition, our results revealed that four intervention components, specifically, activating multiple identities, providing role models, promoting the self, and emotion management, and five intervention design characteristics, specifically, type of stereotype, relevance of the stereotype, feedback, duration of the intervention, and dependent variables, moderated stereotype threat interventions. These findings have important theoretical and practical implications.
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