Program

IS26-01-1

Importance of history of psychology: From Ganzheit to new theoretical horizons

[Speaker] Wagoner, Brady:1
[Co-author] Klempe, Hroar:2, Lehmann-muriithi, Kolja:3, Salvatore, Sergio:4
1:Aalborg University (Denmark), 2:NTNU (Norway), 3:University of Hamburg (Germany), 4:University of Salento (Italy)

This presentation will highlight the relevance of the history of psychology for the development of psychology today. Among the forgotten but vital concepts of psychology's past is that of 'ganzheit'- i.e., developing totalities of experience that are affective (i.e. feeling based) at core. This contrasts with gestalt psychology's focus on objectively perceived wholes, which are dynamic but not developing. The ganzheit focus can already been seen in the mid 18th century in the work of Alexandre Baumgarten, whose Aesthetica (1750) highlights the rationality of the experiences of art (e.g., music) and other sensational events in general. This presentation will then fast forward to 20th century ideas about 'microgenesis'-i.e., the progressive development from a diffuse whole to a differentiated object of experience. Ganzheit dynamics will be demonstrated in relation to both how objects come to be perceived as real and to the construction of memories.
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