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Prevention as Intervention: The Ecological Systems Approach to Preventing Sexual Offences in India

[Speaker] Khanna, Richa:1
1:University of Missouri-Kansas City (United States of America)

This paper will focus on proposing Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems theory to the prevention of sexual offences committed by men against women, in India. India currently struggles in dealing with the high and increasing rate of sexual crimes against women. The theory suggests that individual behavior is influenced by several contextual factors: family members, peers, school (microsystem), interaction among family life and education (mesosystem); neighborhood, mass media and extended family (exosystem); cultural variables, laws, economic system, social conditions (macrosystem); and the context of time (chronosystem; for example, the feminist movement in India, influence of Western values over time, Industrialized society in India, etc). It is proposed to intervene via gender sensitivity trainings at the levels of microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem while also considering the larger context of the chronosystem. At each level of systemic intervention, a larger context of generational differences will be considered in the content of training.
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