Parenting Stress in Mothers of Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders Related to Child Characteristics

[Speaker] Nagai, Yuuya:1
[Co-author] Maeda, Saki:1, Hinobayashi, Toshihiko:1, Kanazawa, Tadahiro:1
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences Osaka University (Japan)

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are at risk for higher stress levels. This study examined the impact of child problem behaviors (CBCL), adaptive behaviors (VABS-2), social-communication skills (joint attention) on parenting stress in mothers of preschoolers with ASD (age = 44.6 months, developmental age = 19.1 months) and preschoolers with developmental disorders (DD) without ASD (age = 47.0 months, developmental age = 18.2 months). Mothers of preschoolers with ASD reported higher parenting stress than DD. Externalizing problem (aggressive and rule-breaking behavior) and attention problem in child problem behaviors emerged as significant predictors of overall parenting stress. In addition, Language skills and joint attention skills were significant predictors for parenting stress of child characteristics domain. These finding suggest that parenting stress could be reduced by acquisition of techniques for effective interaction with children and skills for management of child behavior problems by developmental supports.
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