Identity formation and positive youth develompent: A four wave longitudinal study

[Speaker] Kaniusonyte, Goda:1
[Co-author] Zukauskiene, Rita:1, Malinauskiene, Oksana:1
1:Mykolas Romeris university (Lithuania)

Identity formation is a core developmental task of adolescence. Identity style refers to the strategy that individuals characteristically use or would prefer to employ seeking a successful identity resolution (Berzonsky, 1989). Positive youth development (PYD) is strengths-based model (operationalized by Five C's: connection, character, confidence, competence, and caring) (Lerner et al., 2005) Aim of this study was to explore relationships between positive youth development trajectories and identity styles (informational, normative and diffuse-avoidant). This study sample consists of Lithuanian adolescents participating in four wave longitudinal study, collected with a 1-year interval (9 grade at T1, N=450, M=15.12, SD=0.45, 51.4% girls). Using LCGA (latent class growth analysis) three PYD trajectories was identified (increasing, decreasing and mid-stable). To answer research question a model in which the PYD classes predicted initial levels and rates of change of identity styles was tested. Findings indicated that the decreasing PYD adolescents displayed a more troublesome identity development.
Advanced Search