Duration 5min, Q&A 3min
Evaluation of Macular Changes after Uneventful Phacoemulsification Surgery in Diabetic Patients Using Optical Coherence Tomography
The aim of the study was to measure the mean foveal thickness MFT after uneventful phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) implantation using Optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Our study included 50 eyes of 48 patients divided into 2 groups; Group 1 (Diabetes mellitus group) consisted of 25 diabetic patients (25 eyes) and Group 2 (Control group) consisted of 23 non-diabetic patients (25 eyes).
All patients were admitted for Phacoemulsification and PC IOL implantation. MFT was evaluated preoperative and 7, 30, and 60 days postoperative and the relation between macular thickness and BCVA were analyzed.
Results and Conclusion
Our data indicated that, although in each group; there is a significant increase in MFT postoperatively. However, there is no statistical difference between both groups regarding MFT after 30 and 60 days postoperative.
Also there is improvement in BCVA progressively postoperative in each group, but no statistical significant difference between both groups.
It was found out that there is no correlation between MFT and age, but there is a highly significant correlation between MFT and staging of diabetic retinopathy, duration of DM. Statistically significant moderate correlation was detected between BCVA and MFT after one and two months postoperative.
[ Keyword ]
Optical coherence tomography / Pseudophakic macular oedema / Diabetic macular oedema / Phacoemulsification
[ Conflict of Interest ]