Duration 5min, Q&A 3min
Retrospective Analysis to Orbital Masses Presenting in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
This paper is an introductory overview of orbital masses presenting to two tertiary centers in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. This provides data regarding the demographic variation that may exist comparing it to other tertiary centers in the region and world wide. The pool of patients is considered small, since the time frame looked in to is undersized.
Nevertheless, It allows us to understand the etiologies leading to such pathologies, proper use of relevant diagnostic imaging method, and address treatment options appropriately.
A retrospective study, were medical records of 90 patients referred to the Oculoplastics service in two major hospitals in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi with orbital masses where evaluated. Between January 2009 to August 2012. Each orbital mass was documented either by CT and/or MRI, or through tissue biopsy. Patients with traumatic orbital problems and thyroid eye disease were excluded.
The symptoms, signs, imaging features, treatment and follow-up results of the patient population included in the study were reviewed and analyzed.
Results and Conclusion
The study included thirty four (34) females and thirty two (32) males aged from 0 to 80 years old. Twenty four (24) patients were excluded, as they have not met the criteria.
Types of masses recorded were: secondary orbital tumors, lymphoproliferative lesions; metastases; lacrimal gland tumors; inflammatory conditions; vascular lesions; mesenchymal tumors; optic nerve and nerve sheath tumors; peripheral nerve tumors; histiocytic lesions; and cystic lesions.
The most common histopathologic diagnoses were lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinoma; cavernous hemangioma, lymphoma; orbital extension of sinus tumor; metastatic tumors; rhabdomyosarcoma; sarcoidosis; and orbital extension of brain tumor.
This is the first paper analyzing the incidence of orbital tumors in the United Arab Emirates. This will allow a better understanding of the different disease processes occurring in the region.
Cooperation with neurologists, neurosurgeons, otorhinolaryngologists, pathologists, hematologist and oncologists is necessary for correct diagnosis and treatment aimed at maximal sparing of the eye and its functions. In many cases the adequate treatment of the orbital tumor is lifesaving. The surgical treatment of the orbital tumors requires ophthalmologists with high qualification. This early statistical paper will aid in continuity of distinguishing demographic variations when applied to a larger scale.
[ Keyword ]
orbit / tumors / proptosis
[ Conflict of Interest ]