Duration 5min, Q&A 3min
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Eye Health: A Nationwide Population Based Survey Findings after Three Decades of Eye Health Services in Nepal
Eye health services network inNepalhas extensively developed and expanded in last three decades. Now, primary level eye care service is available in all 75 districts, and 23 eye hospitals, 175 ophthalmologists, 500 paramedical is rendering services with output of more than 2 million treatment services and 275,000 surgical services per year. Many eye patients fromIndiacome toNepalseeking eye health services, however, at the other hand, many Nepalese are still out of reach of this expansion of eye health network in the country. Service coverage and utilization rate is not up to satisfactory level. Therefore, it was felt necessary to investigate the perception of general population as KAP towards the existing eye health service inNepal. The main objective of this study was to find out level of people's understanding of eye health problems and their preventive measures, their eye health seeking behavior and reason for less utilization of existing eye health services.
A total of 5000 households, fifty each from 100 randomly selected clusters from each of the three ecological and five development regions were enrolled in the study.
The study employed a combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies with multi stage sampling. The country is divided in five strata as developmental regions and in each developmental region, three districts were randomly chosen for the study with representation of mountain, hill and terai region. Within district, we made clusters of 75 to 150 households and 100 clusters were randomly selected for the study. This yielded 5000 study participants for the study. The selected households were administered with semi structured questionnaire by the interviewer.
Results and Conclusion
The study revealed that 47.1% of the population has basic knowledge on eye diseases and its preventive measures. Only 47% of populations know about cataract and only 32% know its definite treatment option and place of treatment.
Despite of three decade of national eye care program and two decades of national eye health education program in the country the knowledge on eye diseases and eye care services has been reached to less than 50% of the population. This may have repercussion of less coverage of eye care services and utilization rate in the Nepalese population in the country. These findings strongly suggest for priority to be given for service marketing and more emphasis to eye health education programme in Nepal.
[ Keyword ]
Knowledge, attitude, practice, household, cluster
[ Conflict of Interest ]