演題詳細

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神経伝達物質・修飾物質
Neurotransmitters and Modulators

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開催日
2010年09月02日(木)
時 間
11:00 - 12:00
会 場
Poster Room 1

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血管内皮から放出される血管平滑筋弛緩因子H2S
Vascular endothelium expresses 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase and produces H2S

演題番号 : P1-b13

木村 英雄 / Hideo Kimura:1 渋谷 典広 / Norihiro Shibuya:1 三上 義礼 / Yoshinori Mikami:1 木村 由佳 / Yuka Kimura:1 永原 則之 / Noriyuki Nagahara:2 

1:国立精神・神経医療研究センター ・神経薬理 / Department of Molecular Pharmacology, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry 2:日本医大・環境医学 / Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. 

 

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been recognized as a smooth muscle relaxant. Cystathionine γ-lyase, which is localized to smooth muscle, is thought to be the major H2S-producing enzyme in the thoracic aorta. Here we show that 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST) and cysteine aminotransferase (CAT) are localized to vascular endothelium in the thoracic aorta and produce H2S. Both 3MST and CAT were localized to endothelium. Lysates of vascular endothelial cells produced H2S from cysteine and α-ketoglutarate. The present study provides a new insight into the production and release of H2S as a smooth muscle relaxant from vascular endothelium.

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