演題情報

学会・委員会企画

開催回
第56回・2011年・横浜
 

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Association with Risk Factors in Adult Disadvantageous Population

演題番号 : GI-9-2-3

N Huda:1、Kazi S. Alam:2、Harun U. Rashid:3

1:Department of Nephrology, Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Chittagong, Bangladesh、2:National Institute of Kidney Disease and Urology, Dhaka, Bangladesh、3:Kidney Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh

 

【Introduction】 The prevalence of kidney disease, particularly diabetic and hypertensive kidney disease is increasing rapidly in many disadvantageous populations throughout the world.  【Materials and Methods】 This cross sectional survey was carried out at certain selected slum areas of Mirpur in Dhaka City over a period of July 2003 to June 2005 and a total of 1000 adult population ranging from 15 to 65 years were studied.  【Results】 The analysis showed that the mean age was 34.39 . Majority of the participants were female(66.6%), married (84.7%) and illiterate (78.8%) and house-wives(40%). 21% participants were overweight and obese. 4.1% participants were diabetics and 11.6% participants were hypertensive. Approximately 45.7% participants had smoking habit and 7.7% participants had proteinuria. Based on MDRD equation 13.1% participants were detected as having CKD and while with Cockcroft-Gault equation 16% were CKD. Difference between two equations was not significant. Association of Socio-demographic factors with CKD was not significant except age more than 40 years and married group. The association between CKD and Risk factors like obese and overweight, use of tobacco, DM, HTN were highly significant. Combined prevalence of DM, HTN and proteinuria among CKD group was also demonstrated to be significantly higher (3.8% in C-G equation and 5.3% in MDRD equation) than that of normal population.  【Conclusion】 The survey data revealed that CKD and its risk factors like DM and hypertension are alarmingly increasing in disadvantageous population and adding further pressure to the existing burden of CKD.

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