Sessions

≪Organizer Abstract≫
School bullying, or ijime in Japan, affects a substantial minority of children and young people. It is a topic of international concern, because of the adverse consequences it has for all concerned, but especially for victims. This symposium brings together recent research from three continents. The first paper by Smith gives a background to the international study of school bullying, and challenges in carrying out cross-national comparisons. The second paper, by Salmivalli, looks at the role of teachers and peers, focussing particularly on differences in school classrooms. The third paper, by Marsh and colleagues, examines measurement issues, psychosocial determinants, and the effects of a school-based intervention in Australia. The fourth paper, by Cassidy, discusses cyberbullying, and the similarities and differences in this between school and university. Toda will lead a discussion of the four papers.
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