Program

Poster
PS25P-03-231

Development of the Japanese Optimism and Pessimism Scale for Children and Examining its Reliability and Validity

[Speaker] Toyama, Miki:1
1:University of Tsukuba (Japan)

The Japanese Optimism and Pessimism Scale for Children was developed and its reliability and validity were investigated. Participants were elementary school students in 4 to 6 grades. Factor analysis conducted in study 1 revealed that the 10 items of the Japanese Optimism and Pessimism Scale for Children comprised two factors, Optimism and Pessimism. Moreover, the Japanese Optimism and Pessimism Scale for Children had high internal consistency and test-retest reliability, as well as high concurrent validity. Result of Study 2 suggested that dispositional optimists tended to take approach-type coping strategies against stressful events and as a result experienced beneficial positive school adjustment benefits, whereas, dispositional pessimists tended to take avoidant-type coping strategies against stressful events and as a result experienced psychological distress. These findings indicate that optimism and pessimism have independent roles.
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