July 29, 2016 14:10 - 15:40

Attitudes toward male same-sex sexuality: A culturally-informed experimental mapping method in Japan and the United States

[Speaker] Davis, Brian R:1
[Co-author] Shimizu, Yuki:2
1:The Graduate Center, City University of New York (United States of America), 2:Saitama University (Japan)

Critical psychological theory suggests that standard cross-cultural methods may be insensitive to cultural distinctions in the structure and associated meanings of beliefs about, and attitudes toward, same-sex desiring men. We explore a novel experimental mapping method that avoids many problems associated with instrument localization. Students from public universities in the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan areas read a fictional diary featuring a male college student describing his attraction to either a female or male classmate. Each participant then drew a Venn diagram representing relationships between this character's sexual and other provided identities. Relative to Japanese participants, US participants rated sexual identity as more important (circle size). However, sexual identity was less related to other identities (circle overlap) in the same-sex attraction condition among US participants; no such difference was found among Japanese participants. We situate our interpretations of these findings through qualitative map evaluations provided by participants themselves.
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