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Rapid Communication
RC-07-75

Emotions associated with "respect" induces physiological change

[Speaker] Kondo, Sotaro:1
[Co-author] Fujimura, Tomomi:2, Nakatani, Hironori:3, Nonaka, Yulri:4, Muto, Sera:5, Okanoya, Kazuo:4
1:Department of Integrated Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, the University of Tokyo, Japan (Japan), 2:Human Informatics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Ibaraki (Japan), 3:Center for Evolutionary Cognitive Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the University of Tokyo (Japan), 4:Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the University of Tokyo (Japan), 5:Ochanomizu University (Japan)

Emotions associated with "respect" is often induced when we see outstanding or admirable others. These emotions are essential for keeping social hierarchy and transmitting knowledge. Thus, respect-related emotions enable accumulation of culture in human society. This study investigated the physiological correlates of respect. Japanese university students (n = 26) prepared episodes and photos about persons they personally respect. In one trial, an episode was presented followed by a photo, so that participants feel respect-related emotions. As a control condition, episodes and photos of unfamiliar persons for the participants were presented. We measured heart rate (HR) while they read the episodes and looked at the photos. We found that HR was declining when participants had respect-related emotions, but HR was increasing when they did not feel respect. This result suggests that respect modulates physiological reaction to others. We revealed, for the first time, physiological changes associated with respect-related emotions.
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