Rapid Communication

The effect of perspectives and time-intervals on evaluation of inconsistent behaviors

[Speaker] Shirasuna, Yuki:1
[Co-author] Hiraoka, Daiki:1, Ishiguro, Sho:1, Himichi, Toshiyuki:2, Yanaoka, Kaichi:1, Kusumi, Takashi:1
1:Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University (Japan), 2:Graduate School of Humanities and Faculty of Letters, Kobe University (Japan)

People are likely to perform behaviors that are inconsistent with their beliefs and attitudes. Therefore, it is important to investigate how people evaluate such inconsistencies from both their own and others' perspectives. Moreover, time interval might be an important factor because our evaluation of inconsistent behaviors is changeable as time passes. Hence, in this study, we focused on perspective and time interval to investigate how we evaluated others' inconsistent behaviors. Participants rated the validity of the inconsistent behaviors of fictional characters described in vignettes. We manipulated two factors: perspectives of evaluation of behavior as an actor and as an observer, and time intervals during which fictional characters performed inconsistent behaviors in a short or long period. Our result indicate that people rate inconsistent behaviors more negatively from the observer's perspective than from the actor's perspective. This result suggests that inconsistent behaviors have different meanings from different perspectives.
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