Perceived Discrimination at Work and Its Association with Psychological Distress, Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation among Medical Residents in South Korea

[Speaker] Choi, Bokyoung:1
[Co-author] Kim, Seung-sup:1
1:Department of Public Health Sciences Graduate School of Korea University (Korea(Republic of Korea))

We analyzed a cross-sectional study of 1,270 medical residents from the 2014 Korean Interns & Residents Survey. This research aimed to understand the prevalence of perceived discrimination and its association with mental health outcomes. Over the past 12 months, 24.7% of male and 39.5% of female medical residents reported experience of discrimination at work. The main reasons for discrimination were education (7.9%) and age (6.7%) for male whereas were sex (30.5%) and age (12.1%) for female medical residents. Discriminatory experience was associated with depressive symptoms (OR: 1.99, 95% CI: 1.51-2.61) and suicidal ideation (OR: 1.81, 95% CI: 1.22-2.69) over the past 12 months after adjusting for confounders including sex, training year, and work hours per week. Furthermore, discriminatory experience was associated with psychological distress over the past 30 days, assessed by Kessler-6 (OR: 2.18, 95% CI: 1.54-3.09). The findings suggest that discriminatory experience may harm mental health of medical residents.
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