Deterrence effects in juvenile antisocial behavior

[Speaker] Frias Armenta, Martha:1
1:University of Sonora (Mexico)

Deterrence is used to dissuade people from committing crimes. However, research has demonstrated juvenile offender contact with the criminal justice system leads to greater conduct problems questioning its rehabilitative role. The aim of this research was to analyze the effects of deterrence on juvenile propensity for antisocial behavior. 200 institutionalized adolescents answered self-report scale, at treatment facilities, evaluating perception of probability, certainty and severity of punishment as it related to propensity to antisocial behavior. Data was analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results demostrated no effect, meaning severity, certainty and probability of punishment did not have any effect on propensity for antisocial behavior. Deterrence is the basis of the current criminal justice model. The assumption that individuals will be dissuaded from antisocial behavior for fear of punishment may not always be accurate. This has wide-ranging implications from criminal justice to public policy.
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