Protective Experiences that Foster Resiliency Among Nigerian Young Adults

[Speaker] Korb, Katrina A:1
1:University of Jos (Nigeria)

Children exposed to adverse experiences, such as violence and neglect, are at higher risk for negative outcomes in adulthood, including physical and mental health challenges and inhibited brain functioning. However, many with adverse childhoods demonstrate resiliency, overcoming hardship to thrive in adulthood. Certain protective experiences predict resiliency, but types of protective experiences likely differ between cultures. This study examined environmental protective factors that predict resiliency among Nigerian young adults exposed to adverse experiences in childhood. The sample consisted of over 100 university students. Resiliency was measured by the Connor-Davidson Resiliency Scale. Protective factors were drawn from a culturally-modified version of PACES (Protective and Compensatory Experiences) Questionnaire. Interviews identified additional protective experiences in Nigeria that supplemented the PACES Questionnaire. Results identified protective experiences that predict resiliency among Nigerian young adults. This study will provide valuable information for community interventions to foster resiliency for Nigerian children living amidst communal violence.
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