The Effects of Attachment to a Companion Animal (Dog) on Self-Esteem in Elementary School Children.

[Speaker] Hamano, Sayoko:1
1:Teikyo University of Science (Japan)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between attachment to a companion animal (dog) and self-esteem in elementary school children. In this study, 312 schoolchildren in the 4th, 5th and 6th grades in Kanagawa completed a questionnaire, and the data of 59 schoolchildren who had a dog was analyzed. The first section of the questionnaire was the Self-Esteem Scale (Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education, 2013). Each item was rated on a 4-point likert scale. The scale was 22 items yielded 3 factors: self-acceptance, self in a relationship, and self-assertion. The second section was the Companion Animal (Dog) Attachment Scale for Schoolchildren (Hamano, 2013). Each item was rated on a 5-point likert scale. The scale was 16 items yielded 2 factors: psychological support and comfortable relationship. Covariance structure analysis indicated that psychological support was positively associated with self in a relationship and self-assertion.
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