Relations among Parental Attachment, Separation-Individuation, Self-Discrepancy and Ego Identity Statuses in University Students

[Speaker] Wang, Shuqing:1
[Co-author] Feng, Jing:1
1:School of Education and Psychology, University of Jinan (China (People's Republic of China))

In the mechanism of ego identity formation, the researcher focuses on how the combined impacts of family environmental factors and personal factors affect identity formation. This study investigated the mediating effects of self-discrepancy among parental attachment, separation-individuation and ego identity statuses by the Structural Equation Modeling. 576 university students from freshman to senior participated in the questionnaire investigation. The results indicated that: (1) besides the directly positive effect on identity achievement status, parental attachment positively influenced identity achievement and foreclosure status, while had negative effect on identity diffusion status by the mediating role of self-discrepancy. (2) self-discrepancy played a mediating role in the relationship between separation-individuation and ego identity status. Positive separation-individuation negatively predicted the self-discrepancy, while negative separation-individuation positively predicted the self-discrepancy, which mediated the association between separation-individuation and ego identity statuses. (3) parental attachment's effects on ego identity statuses were strongly mediated by separation-individuation and self-discrepancy in turn.
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