Psychological capital and voice behavior: the moderating role of job insecurity

[Speaker] Lu, Li:1
[Co-author] Hsu, Wen-chung:2, Chou, L. F.:1
1:Department of Psychology, NCKU (Taiwan), 2:Institute of Human Resource Management, NSYSU (Taiwan)

Psychological capital (PC) refers to individuals who hold positive evaluations toward environment and opportunities and then transfer personal goals into motivation and endeavor. In the frame of Chinese organizations which value harmony and have relatively high level of power distance, this study investigates: (1) Does employee's PC promote voice behavior? (2) Does Employee's perceived job insecurity (including job insecurity of lose present job and keep present job but lose job features) moderate the relationship between PC and voice behavior?
Using a questionnaire survey on 651 leader-subordinate dyads from Taiwan private enterprises, the results of regression analysis showed: (1) The higher employees' PC, the more voice behavior they do; (2) Employee perceived job insercurity do not have significant impact on voice behavior; (3) However, job insercurity weakens the positive effects of PC on voice behavior. Research contributions, limitations and practical significance were also discussed in this study.
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