Workplace Violence and Depressive Symptoms among Medical Residents in South Korea: 2014 Korean Interns & Residents Survey

[Speaker] Kim, Ji-hwan:1
[Co-author] Kim, Seung-sup:1
1:Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School of Korea University (Korea(Republic of Korea))

This study sought to assess experience of workplace violence among medical residents and to examine its association with depressive symptoms, using a cross-sectional survey of 1,195 medical residents (Male: 838, Female: 357) from the 2014 Korean Interns & Residents Survey. Three different types of workplace violence (i.e. physical violence, verbal assault, and sexual harassment) were assessed. Depressive symptoms during the past one week were measured by using CES-D 10. The prevalence of physical violence, sexual harassment, verbal assault in the preceding 12 months was 13.4%, 2.0%, 45.0% among male residents, whereas 7.0%, 14.3%, 42.3% among female residents, respectively. Experience of physical violence was associated with depressive symptoms among male residents (PR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.03-1.65), whereas sexual harassment (PR: 1.75, 95% CI: 1.28-2.40), and verbal assault (PR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.28-2.35) were associated with depressive symptoms among female residents after adjusting for confounders including working hours, and medical specialty.
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