Leader member exchange and road safety. The negative side of reciprocation processes

[Speaker] Meirinhos, Victor:1
[Co-author] Chmiel, Nik:1, Spina, Roy:1
1:University of Chichester (United Kingdom)

Long distance lorry drivers are away from their organization for extended periods, so a key question concerns the influences an organization can have on driving behaviours. We use social exchange theory to investigate whether high exchange ideologies and leader member exchange predict driving violations and traffic accidents through reciprocation processes.
504 male professional lorry drivers belonging to an international transport organization completed an extensive questionnaire. Self reported measures included: leader member exchange, exchange ideology, prosocial rule breaking behaviours and driving violations. Accidents data considered the accidents involving drivers in the past eight years.
The findings suggest that reciprocation processes are related to driving violations, and that high quality leader member exchange could be associated with more prosocial rule breaking, more violations, hence more accidents. Thus organizations have an opportunity to promote safer driving through their managers and supervisors approach to individual drivers.
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