Does Social Support Buffer the Effect of Homophobic Violence on Depressive Symptoms? : A study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual adults in South Korea

[Speaker] Yi, Horim:1
[Co-author] Kim, Seung-sup:1
1:Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School of Korea University (Korea(Republic of Korea))

This study aimed to examine how homophobic violence is associated with depressive symptoms and how the association differs by the level of social support among Korean Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual, using a cross-sectional survey of 421 LGB adults. The lifetime prevalence of experiencing verbal violence, threat of physical violence, physical violence, and sexual harassment was 46.6%, 15.7%, 8.8%, and 10.7%, respectively. Depressive symptoms were measured by a 13-item subscale of SCL-90-R. For the group with low social support, depressive symptoms were associated with threat of physical violence (β: 0.388, 95% CI: .099-.677), physical violence (β: 0.376, 95% CI: .014-.739), and sexual harassment (β: 0.560, 95% CI: .217-.903). However, no significant association was observed for the group with high social support. Our findings suggest that social support may play a critical role in reducing depressive symptoms among LGB adults who experienced homophobic violence.
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