Spatio-temporal biases and role of place attachment in the evaluation of environmental problems. Studies on a micro-insular population from the French West Indies: Martinique

[Speaker] Feliot-rippeault, Marie:1
[Co-author] Bonnefoy, Barbara:2
1:Université des Antilles (France), 2:Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense (France)

Gifford (2009) confirmed two parallel phenomena: a spatial bias of optimism coupled with a temporal pessimism when people assess different states of environmental condition on several spatial levels. Moreover, various research undertaken on place attachment stipulate that the emotional ties that link an individual to a place also influence perception about it (Altman & Low, 1992). Taking these findings into consideration, two investigations were conducted to measure the effect of spatial distance based on Gifford's questionnaire: the first with participants from the French overseas department of Martinique; the second with participants living in the surrounding district of Paris but native from Martinique.
Our results confirm the existence of spatio-temporal bias, and are also in accordance with those of Bonaiuto (2002) with the emotional bond and the fact that the place modulates the perception of the environmental problems by minimizing them when the attachment with the place of residence is strong.
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