Distance between an ideal democracy and the current democracy

[Speaker] Lebreuilly, Joelle:1
1:University of Caen France (France)

This study aimed to assess the distance between the perception of an ideal democracy (liberty, equality, brotherhood) and the practical application of these ideals. We used an adhesion survey for these democratic values (Lebreuilly, 2014) in order to measure this distance and gauge the profiles of those who identify as "democratic". 2,250 individuals of different sexes, ages, and socio-economic backgrounds took the survey. The results showed that certain profiles of democratic individuals actually corresponded less to the values of an ideal democracy. Females were shown to be less "democratic" than males. Elderly individuals tended to support less the values of an ideal democracy, but believed that they live in one, contrary to younger individuals who were greater supporters of an ideal democracy, but felt like they currently do not live in one. Furthermore, political engagement varied depending on different socio-economic categories. These results are discussed in relationship to theories.
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