Evaluation of Procedural Fairness and Empowerment in Participatory Policy Development: A case study of four consecutive years of Shimin Tougikai (citizen deliberation meetings)

[Speaker] Maeda, Hiroe:1
1:Nanzan University (Japan)

This study aims to evaluate repetitive effects of Shimin Tougikai (citizen deliberation meetings on local policy development by randomly selected citizen participants) on promotion of procedural fairness and empowerment.
For this purpose, three questionnaire surveys were conducted between 2011 and 2014: T1 presurveyed 2000 randomly selected participants in Toyoyama City before the 2011 Shimin Tougikai; T2 sampled 41 participants promptly after the 2011 Shimin Tougikai; and T3 sampled 46 participants three years later, after the 2014 Shimin Tougikai.
Two main findings via ANOVA were as follows: firstly, the duration of the citizen deliberation meetings significantly impacted evaluations by T2 and T3 participants; each construct of procedural fairness and the general perception of procedural fairness were evaluated as being higher than T1 participants Secondly, participants in 2011 or 2014 evaluated both personal and collective empowerment as being higher, and personal cost as being lower than participants from T1.
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