Differences between mothers' and fathers' perceptions of their children with hikikomori based on parents' initial messages for telepsychology in Japan

[Speaker] Iwafuji, Hiromi:1
[Co-author] Aoki, Kikuyo:1, Yatsuda, Masako:1, Koshi, Megumi:1
1:Ochanomizu university (Japan)

Hikikomori (social withdrawal) is a serious social issue, and people with which are estimated at around 700,000 in Japan. Within the people with hikikomori, approximately two thirds are male. Such gender difference might have been induced by the traditional way of treating children at home. The purpose of this study is to examine the difference between parents' perceptions toward their hikikomori children. Parents' initial email documents and telephone messages for telepsychology are used in the analyses. Text mining analysis using WordMiner of a total of 660 parents' email messages (439 mothers and 221 fathers) was conducted and revealed that the parental perceptions differ significantly in terms of parents' and children's gender. Mothers tended to express the issue of unemployment more clearly and directly than fathers. We will illustrate, at the conference, the gender differences by also thematically analyzing of contents with the data of telephone counselling collected in 2015.
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